“Life and Death of Pushkin” (Жизнь и смерть Пушкина -Zhizn i smert Pushkina), released at 3 Sept 1910, is a very rare Russian silent film, directed by Vasily Mikhailovich Goncharov, a film director and screenwriter, one of the pioneers of the film industry in the Russian Empire, who directed the first Russian feature film Defence of Sevastopol.
Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin (Russian: Алекса́ндр Серге́евич Пу́шкин, tr. Aleksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin ; 6 June [O.S. 26 May] 1799 — 10 February [O.S. 29 January] 1837) was a Russian author of the Romantic era who is considered by many to be the greatest Russian poet and the founder of modern Russian literature.
Pushkin published his first poem at the age of fifteen, and was widely recognized by the literary establishment by the time of his graduation from the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum. While under the strict surveillance of the Tsar’s political police and unable to publish, Pushkin wrote his most famous play, the drama Boris Godunov. His novel in verse, Eugene Onegin, was serialized between 1825 and 1832.
Notoriously touchy about his honour, Pushkin fought as many as twenty-nine duels, and was fatally wounded in such an encounter with Georges-Charles de Heeckeren d’Anthès. Pushkin had accused D’Anthès, a French officer serving with the Chevalier Guard Regiment of attempting to seduce the poet’s wife, Natalya Pushkina.
By 1837, Pushkin was falling into greater and greater debt and faced scandalous rumors that his wife had embarked on a love affair. In response, the poet challenged Natalya’s alleged lover, her brother in-law Georges d’Anthès, to a duel which left both men injured. Shot through the spleen, Pushkin died two days later. His last home is now a museum. The Tsarist administration, fearing a political demonstration at his funeral, had it moved to a smaller location and restricted attendance to close relatives and friends. The poet’s body was taken secretly at midnight and buried on his mother’s estate.